Page numbering using both Roman and Arabic
For basic page numbering information
and several related items on this site, see here.
Do you need to use Roman numerals page
numbers for initial material ("front matter") or elsewhere in a
document, and Arabic numbers for the rest of the document?
Documents with standard page numbering (i.e.,
numbers not inside headers or footers)
Acklen's tutorial, "Numbering Pages, Chapters, and Volumes in
Documents with page numbering inside headers
[For more information on Headers and Footers,
"Frequently, different numbering styles are
used for the introductory pages, the body of the document, and the
closing sections. With WordPerfect, you can apply these different
styles easily. Simply select a format for the page numbers at the top
of the document, and then select new formats at the main body and
at the closing section." [Italics mine.]
So ... to use Roman numerals (i, ii,
iii, iv, etc.) in the first several pages of your document, and then
switch to Arabic numerals (1,2,3,4, etc.) for the rest of the
document, you can use the following method.
[Note: While you can do this "format
switching" with standard page numbering, as explained in Laura's
tutorial, here we assume you want to use page numbers inside
a header or footer instead of one of the standard page numbering
locations around the perimeter of the page (inside the page margins).
We also assume that no page numbering has already been set in the
document; if it has, you should remove the existing numbering. An easy
way is to open Reveal Codes and search for -- and remove -- all
[Pg Num Set][Pg Num Meth] codes in the document.
Obviously, make a back up of the document first.]
- Open Reveal Codes (View, Reveal Codes) so you can see precisely where you are
in the document and so that you can see the effects of the following
- Create the header or footer that will contain the page numbering with Insert,
Header/Footer, <make your selection>, Create. It should normally
be created on the page where you wish page numbering to begin;
otherwise, headers and footers can be suppressed on earlier pages, as
- For example, if you do not want a page
number on the first physical page (e.g., a Title page) but you want
numbering to begin on the following page, position the cursor at the
top of the second page before creating the header or footer.
- You can also delay the appearance of the
header or footer: See here.
- Position the cursor inside the header or
footer as desired. (If your cursor is not
already inside the header or footer, click inside it.) Notice that the Property bar that should be visible
has some useful buttons such as Flush Right and Page Numbering, but you
can also use the main WordPerfect menu (e.g., Format, Line, Flush
Right). Add any text (e.g., "Page ") and then click the Page Numbering
button on the Property bar (or use Format, Page, Insert Page Number,
<choose Page in the list>, Insert, Close). You should see a
[Pg Num Disp] code in the header or footer itself, visible in
Reveal Codes whenever you edit the header or footer.
- Exit from the header or footer. You can just click in the main document area. (However, if
you have delayed the header
or footer you will need to use the Close icon on the property bar, then
click Close on the Define Delayed Codes property bar to return to the
document (or template).)
- Using Reveal Codes, position the cursor
in the main document just before (i.e., in front of) the [Header]
or [Footer] [or [Delay Codes]] code you just created. (In Reveal Codes,
a header code appears as [Header A] or [Header B], and a footer code
appears as [Footer A] or [Footer B].) If there are other codes on that
line (e.g., a Paragraph style code), move the cursor to the left until
it is positioned before those codes, but still remains on the desired
page where numbering should begin. The basic idea here is to
position the cursor in the main document where the new numbering format
(here, Roman numerals) should take effect, such as the top of the
page that begins the Introduction or other "front matter," and before
any codes on that page.
- Change the number format to Roman
numerals: Click on Format, Page, Page
Numbering from the main WordPerfect menu bar. This opens the Select
Page Numbering Format dialog [as shown in Laura's
- First, be sure to set the Position
field at the top of the dialog to "No Page Numbering" or you will also
get numbers in the standard page location (e.g., bottom center, which
is not inside a header or footer) as well as inside the header or
footer. (You probably do not want two page numbers on every
- Then choose (i.e., click on) the
desired Roman numeral format in the Page Numbering Format list
(for the time being, ignore the actual number's value, which is set in
the next step).
- Cick the Set Value button and
set it to "1". Note that the radio button "Always keep number the same"
should be enabled if you always want to start page numbering in this
section of document with Roman numeral "i".
- Click OK twice to return to the document. The numbering in the header or
footer should change to Roman numerals, beginning with "i" at that
location. Note that this also inserts
[Pg Num Set][Pg Num Meth] codes in the document.
(If you double-click the latter you will see the numbering method is
- Change the page number format of the
following pages to Arabic numbers: Place
your cursor at the very top of the first page that follows the
front matter, again before all codes. This is the page where you want
to begin numbering with Arabic numbers. Again, use Format, Page,
Page Numbering but with these settings in that dialog:
- Position: "No Page Numbering";
- Page numbering format: Choose an Arabic
number, which at this point will show the actual page number you are
on, but this number will change in the next step;
- click the Set Value button and set the
value (the page number) back to "1".
- Click OK twice. Another
[Pg Num Set][Pg Num Meth] code pair is inserted;
these should start page numbers with an Arabic number "1".
- If you wish to change the format of page
numbers again further down in the document,
repeat the above step with a different format.
- Finally, regenerate any Table of
Contents and Index, if used, with Tools, Reference, Generate.