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Barry MacDonnell's
Toolbox for WordPerfect


Macros, tips, and templates for Corel® WordPerfect® for Windows®
© Copyright 1996-2017 by Barry MacDonnell. All Rights Reserved.

Page updated Jan 26, 2017


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Updating, upgrading, or reinstalling WordPerfect

Note

WordPerfect menu choices refer to the <WordPerfect> menu. (Right-click on WordPerfect's top menu bar for a choice of menus.)

If you use a <Microsoft Word> menu, the choices might be absent from your menu (but not from the program), or they might be found under another menu selection.

If the menu choices or toolbars discussed on this site seem to be missing from your program, see here.

[Part 1] Overview: Some things to keep in mind about WordPerfect documents and program files

[Part 2] Updating your current copy of WordPerfect - i.e., bringing your program up to date with a Corel Service Pack or "patch"

[Part 3] Upgrading to a newer version of WordPerfect

[Part 4] Uninstalling and/or reinstalling your current WordPerfect program (and how to completely remove it)

[Part 5] Migrating customizations

[Part 6] Multiple versions of WordPerfect on the same computer

...

[Return to main Tips Page]








Part 7:  Transferring macros from one system to another, or from an earlier version of WordPerfect to a newer version

The good news is that most macros written in earlier versions of WordPerfect for Windows will work in later versions.

Some macros written in earlier WordPerfect versions, or some running under Windows Vista and later Windows versions, might require a little adjustment as discussed below. (For DOS versions, see the last paragraph in this section below.)

You can copy your WordPerfect for Windows macro files (*.wcm) from their original folder to either the default or supplemental macro folder as shown in the newer version's Tools, Settings, Files, Merge/Macro (tab). This is where WP looks for macros (but see notes below).

Tips

☼  For my own custom macros: I use the folder specified in Tools, Settings, Files, Merge/Macro (tab), Default macro folder which some users -- myself included -- create under the \My Documents or the \Documents folder to make them easier to back up; I name the folder My WPxx Macros, where "xx" is the WP version; then I edit the Tools, Settings ... Default macro folder field to point to that new location.

I don't use this folder for any other macros, such as the factory included macros (see next tip).

Then, when assigning macros to toolbar buttons, keyboard shortcuts, or menus and the program asks, "Save macro with full path?", I answer "No". The program will then automatically look in the Default (or Supplemental) macro folder since it was not given a specific different path. This method also saves having to edit the path if I move the macros to a new computer or version of Windows that uses a different file structure.

[Note that your organization might not allow this method.]

☼  For the program's factory included macros: I use the Supplemental macro folder for WordPerfect's 30+ factory included (or "shipping") macros -- some of which are called by the program to provide various features or functions. (Hence it is not a good idea to use a different folder in the Supplemental macro folder dialog field unless you have actually moved all the factory-included macros to that new folder, or you might find some program features do not work.)

☼  It is worth repeating that you should be sure that both macro-location fields in the Tools, Settings, Files, Merge/Macro (tab) dialog point to folder locations which exist in Windows and are accessible to the program when macros are played (see also the special caveat about Supplemental macros in the previous tip). The folders named in those fields are where the program looks for macros. You may want to reboot WordPerfect after making any changes to these fields, just to be sure the program recognizes the change.

☼  In Windows Vista and Windows 7 (and perhaps later versions) some folders (\Program Files, \Windows, et al) are protected from casual file creation, editing, and read/write activities (one reason for those pesky "Access Deined" messages), so you should avoid creating folders in those areas to store your macros. It is better to use existing user folder structures, such as the \My Documents folder mentioned in the first tip above.

☼  Macros automatically recompile themselves when first played in a new version. You can force a recompilation of any macro by simply editing the macro and type a space (or any character), and then delete the space, and then Save & Recompile from the Macro toolbar.

☼  Some users with multiple versions of WordPerfect on the same computer prefer to maintain duplicate macros in special sub-folders for each version, and "point" each of their installed WP programs to these different folders with Tools, Settings, Files, Merge/Macro (tab). This keeps them from being recompiled each time the user switches to a different version of the program, as would be the case if all versions accessed the same macro folder.

Important notes


¤  Macros can be placed in a folder other than the ones specified in the Tools, Settings, Files, Merge/Macro tab -- but this should be done only if they are played with a toolbar button, keyboard shortcut, or menu item that contains the full Windows path to them. However, this makes them more difficult to maintain since you will need to remember to edit the buttons, shortcuts, or menus (with Tools, Settings, Customize, ...) to change their paths if you upgrade or install WordPerfect on another system. [This situation is often responsible for users asking, Why won't my macros play anymore?]


¤ Some custom macros -- those that you or your colleagues recorded or wrote -- might require "tweaking" especially if the macro code in them (or the toolbar buttons used to play them) refer to older Windows system paths that might not exist on the new system or the new version's setup. Play each macro to see if it works as you expect. Take special note of the following paragraphs.


¤ Be sure to read about warning messages about obsolete commands (and some command replacements) that you might see when playing or editing an older macro under a newer version of WordPerfect or on a different computer. [Warnings about obsolete commands were removed in more recent versions.]


¤ If you created macros in WordPerfect 8 or earlier (or even in later versions), be sure to read about the new "WordPerfect 9 text selection" setting introduced in WordPerfect 10. This can seriously impact the way a macro behaves unless you take certain steps to compensate for it.


¤  With Windows Vista and Windows 7 (and presumably later versions of Windows) the macro command SendKeys() -- which has the ability to send keystroke combinations to the program -- is effectively broken. You have to disable the User Access Control (UAC) in those versions of Windows to make such text/symbol keystrokes work (script commands such as {Ctrl} or {Alt} still won't work). Disabling the UAC is something that is not generally recommended.

¤  WordPerfect for DOS macros used a different macro language, so you will have to re-create them in your Windows version of WordPerfect. However ... note that many DOS features required keystrokes for many common tasks; these may now be single keystrokes or toolbar buttons in the Windows versions. Moreover, WPWin now has features that were common as macros in WPDOS; look for built-in features to replace some of those WPDOS macros, such as various boilerplate creation features.


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