| Barry MacDonnell's
Toolbox for WordPerfect
Macros, tips, and
templates for Corel® WordPerfect® for Windows®
| Page updated Jul 7, 2014
Main tips page | Browse tips
| Reduce spacing between a paragraph Heading style and the
following body text (and other paragraph style tips)
While you can adjust inter-paragraph spacing
throughout the entire document (or for selected paragraphs) in one step
with Format, Paragraph, Format, <Spacing between paragraphs>, you
might want to adjust just the space between paragraph styles
(e.g., Heading 2 or MyHeadingStyle 5) and the following paragraph's
Note: Normal, 12-point text gives 6 lines per inch, or 0.167" between base lines. The above method adjusts the inter-paragraph space to 0.017" (0.167-0.150). This setting assumes you will have a hard return (i.e., a blank line) between the headings and the following paragraphs, so it adjusts the amount of inter-paragraph blank space by reducing it. Be sure to adjust the vertical down/up amounts to match your particular needs.
Optional: Save (copy) the style to your default template so that it can be used in any new (blank) document based on the default template: Click Format, Styles, <select the style from the list>, Options, Copy, Default template, OK.
¤ If you need to mark a custom Heading style for automatic inclusion in a Table of Contents, see here.
¤ Some paragraph formatting in the text of a document can be "inherited" by a Paragraph Style further in the document.
One type of such
formatting is using "First line indent" in Format, Paragraph, Format --
usually at the top of the document -- to automatically indent the first
line of all paragraphs (i.e., text ending with a hard return or
So, for example, if
you had set this format to a non-zero amount (e.g., 0.3"), any
Paragraph Style of the same type further down in the document (e.g., a
Heading style) will also become indented that same amount -- probably not what you want for Headings.
Moreover, if you
try to set a Heading's "First line indent" back to 0" with Format,
Paragraph, Format in the Heading's Styles Editor, you might notice that
WordPerfect will not insert a code if it is the same as the current (or default) setting for that particular formatting. WordPerfect abhors using (some) duplicate format codes.
Here's a trick to overcome that limitation:
the Heading's Styles Editor, insert a "First line indent" setting (at
the beginning of all codes in the Contents pane, with the Editor's
Format, Paragraph, Format menu) that is greater than 0" -- and then immediately insert another one that is equal to 0". The second code ([First Ln Ind: 0"]) will take precedence since it is "downstream from the first code.
Then exit from the Styles Editor. (Bring up the Editor again and you should see a [First Ln Ind: 0"] code there. And all the Headings (of that format style) should now start at the left margin, not at the first line indent value the other paragraphs have.)
In a similar manner to that above, you can reset the Left (or Right)
margin adjustments in the Heading style that you might have made in the
document with Format, Paragraph, Format dialog.